What is the difference between the E-2 and EB-5 Visa?
As others have pointed out, the difference is that an E2 is a non-immigrant (temporary) visa while an EB-5 is an immigrant (permanent) visa. That is one reason why the capital requirement for the EB-5 is initially much higher. However, the E2 is renewable in 5-year intervals so you will be able to extend your stay as long as you continue to meet the requirements.
Each visa attempts to facilitate foreign investment in the US, but each does so in a different way. The E2 is a treaty investor visa, meaning that it will only apply to investors who are nationals of a country that has signed a relevant treaty with the US.
· National of a country with a relevant treaty with the US — here’s a list.
· Invest a substantial amount
· In a bona fide enterprise in the US
· Entering US solely to develop and direct the enterprise
Initially, you can see a few differences just in the list of requirements such as the creation of jobs in the EB-5 and the developing and directing the E2. The EB-5 visa requires the new commercial enterprise that is being created as a result of the investment to create and maintain at least 10 jobs for US workers. The E2 visa requires the investor to show that he or she is entering the US solely to develop and direct the enterprise in which they are investing. This requirement can be met by showing that the E2 investor hold some type of management position or have a substantial amount of ownership or control.
The actual amount of the investment required, as you pointed out, is also a key difference. Quickly, the EB-5 requires an investment totalling at least $1,000,000. But it doesn’t have to be all cash, it can include things like intellectual property, equipment, or other assets. Conversely, there is no dollar amount required for the E2 visa. It only requires in investment that is substantial in relation to the total cost of purchasing or creating a brand-new franchise. In other words, the investor needs to be the principal investor in the enterprise.
Foreigners can qualify for permanent U.S. residency — a green card — if they invest at least $1 million in a new business venture that creates at least 10 jobs. The threshold drops to $500,000 for investments in high-unemployment or rural areas.
A minimum capital of USD 1 million in a commercial enterprise that will create full-time positions for at least 10 qualifying? employees;
A minimum investment of USD 500,000 through a third-party managed Regional Centre approved by the USCIS, or in a Targeted Employment Area;
This programme does not require applicants to make a financial contribution to the state
The E-2 investor visa does not automatically lead to a green card. However, if the E-2 applicant is seeking permanent residency it is best instead to obtain an EB-2 National Interest Waiver or participate in the EB-5 Investor Program
One of the main issues for people with E2 visas is that the E2 visa does not directly lead to a green card. The E2 visa is a non-immigrant visa, and so it is temporary and does not lead to permanent residence. ... So, they either have to leave the United States or get another visa for themselves.